What is the Express Entry?
In January 2015, the Canadian government launched a new electronic immigration system that offers express entry to Canada for skilled and qualified immigrants. Express Entry is an application management system used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to manage and process applications received through three of Canada’s federal economic immigration programs for skilled workers.
Express Entry is a competitive immigration system, ranking all eligible candidates against one another and then inviting the best ranking candidates to apply for Canadian permanent resident status. The skilled candidates are ranked against one another based on their age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and other factors.
The Canadian government has recognised the fact that Canada requires new immigrants to meet future labour market needs and to help ensure the country’s long-term economic growth and prosperity.
This new system will allow Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to proactively assess, recruit and select immigrants who can meet the country’s economic needs. The Express Entry system invites candidates in its predominantly three federal economic immigration programs:
1. Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
This program is for the foreign skilled workers who are looking for migrating to Canada. For applying FSWP, you must first meet the minimum requirements for work experience, language ability, education.
A minimum of 1 year full-time or more work experience is required in the field in which you have done your qualification within the last 10 years. The job must be of skill type 0 or skill level A or B of the National Occupational Classification 2011. Apart from this, you require language proficiency CLB 7 in IELTS or any approved language assessment portal and a positive ECA report.
The candidates are accessed on the federal skilled worker points under the following categories:
● Skills in English or French Language
● Educational Degree
● Work Experience
● A valid job offer
Additionally, you are also required to prove that you have sufficient funds to support your family and yourself in Canada for a good amount of time.
2.The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
The Federal Skilled Trade Program is for those in skilled trade applications. According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada, the Federal Skilled Trades Program must meet the minimum work-experience and language ability requirements.
The work experience for FSTP is at least 2 years full-time or equivalent past time within the last five years in a skilled trade. Applicants must also show that they have experience performing the duties for an eligible skilled trade outlined by the National Occupation Classification.
Though, for the trades program, the language score can be less as opposed to the FSWP. Here it is CLB 5 for speaking and listening and CLB 4 for reading and writing.
Please note that individual provinces/territories have specific requirements regarding trades qualifications and the assessment process. So, it is essential to know the process of applying through this category where you wish to live and work.
The regular draws are conducted in this category and the candidates are invited according to their FSTP score.
3.The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
As the name suggests, the Canadian Experience Class is for those candidates who already have/had the work experience in Canada for at least one year or more. Here also, you need minimum work experience and language ability requirements.
The minimum work experience is 12 months of skilled work experience or equivalent part-time in Canada with the proper authorisation, within the 3 years before applying for CEC. Your work must fit the requirements mentioned in the National Occupation Classification for skill level 0, skill level A and skill level B. Also, your work experience must be similar as mentioned in the NOC guidelines.
The language assessment requirement for CEC is CLB 7 for NOC 0 or A jobs and CLB 5 for NOC B jobs.
The Express Entry program will also allow individual provinces and territories to invite applicants through the FSWP category as part of the Provincial Nominee Programs so that labour market demands are met.
Also, employers will play an important role in selecting economic immigrants and will be able to access suitable candidates via Canada’s recently improved Job Bank, as well as the relevant provinces and territories wherever applicable.
How Express Entry Works?
Canada’s Express Entry is a systematic and step-by-step process for inviting skilled and qualified candidates in any of three federal economic immigration programs.
1. Are you eligible?
The first and foremost requirement is checking your eligibility for applying for Express Entry Program. As you are well aware that many migrants see themselves as a permanent resident of Canada but only a few of them are lucky enough to become one. Thus, checking eligibility becomes important.
Though the eligibility requirements differ for each of the Express Entry aligned programs, all applicants are required to have at least one year of work experience in their skilled professions as well as relevant knowledge about their work and educational degree (if possible). Also, as Canada is an English and French-speaking country, it is important for the candidate to be proficient in either of the languages for the smooth sailing and living in Canada. Lastly, Canada screens all Express Entry applicants for criminal history and medical issues that could make a person inadmissible.
Talking about the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) as foreign skilled workers prefer applying through this category of Express Entry, the candidate should be able to score at least 67 points out of 100 for the different factors namely age, education, work experience etc.
Connect with us to know whether you’re eligible for applying Express Entry FSWP?
It is equally necessary to know that a portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are aligned with Express Entry, but applicants still must be eligible under one of the three federal programs in order to enter the Express Entry pool.
2. Create an Express Entry Profile
Creating an express entry profile takes you one steps forward to your permanent residency dream!
The express entry profile acts as an expression of interest (EOI). Meaning? By creating EOI you indicate your interest to the Canadian Government about settling and residing in Canada as a permanent resident. Thus, creating and submitting an Express Entry profile in the pool becomes important. This online system asks about your age, educational qualification, work experience, language proficiency and other related factors. Eligible candidates will then automatically receive a score out of 1200 on the basis of their profile and will be ranked against the other candidates in the pool.
This ranking score is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and is out of 1200 points. The higher the CRS score, the better is the likelihood of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) from the Canadian government. The CRS score is considered as a cut-off score in the Express Entry draws. It is designed to project a Candidate’s likelihood of being economically successful in Canada.
Also, there are many ways of increasing your CRS score, know-how?
One of the many ways is by getting a valid job offer from a Canadian employer, in this way you can get additional points which will ultimately lead to better CRS score.
3. Creating a Job Profile
Well, this stage is optional for the candidates! It depends upon them whether they want to avail for this facility or not. We will suggest candidates without a job offer or a provincial nomination to register in the Canada Job Bank. You might wonder why? Because first of all, it is a free public resource used to help Canadian employers find the right employees and secondly, it will save your time in Canada.
Through this portal, the employers identify and select workers possessing the skills they require. This step used to be mandatory but became voluntary as of June 2017.
4. Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA)
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) conducts Express Entry draws at regular intervals (after every 15 days most of the times). In these Express Entry draws, candidates above a certain rank are invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence. If a candidate is not invited, their profile will expire after 12 months, at which point they may submit a new profile.
Check the latest CRS draw here!
If you receive an Invitation to Apply, you will be given 60 days to submit a complete application for permanent residence. Though COVID pandemic has increased the processing time and the Canadian government now gives 90 days instead of 60 to complete their application. You have to provide extensive personal information along with supporting documentation. The entire application is submitted electronically.
5. Wait for the final decision by the Canadian Government
After successfully submitting your application, you have to wait for a final decision to be issued. 80 per cent of the Express Entry applications are processed in six months or less. Majority of the applications are processed in six months or less but due to COVID times, the time processing may vary. If your application is approved, you will receive authorization to activate your permanent resident status in Canada.
What is the processing time for Canada’s Express Entry profiles?
As mentioned earlier, the Express Entry applications are taking longer than usual and it is only due to the coronavirus pandemic. This pandemic has increased the processing times otherwise 80 per cent of the applications were processed in 6 months or less.
To learn more about Canada PR processing times, connect with the immigration experts. Using a qualified Canada PR expert to apply for Express Entry can speed up the overall processing time for your application by taking care and ensuring zero errors.
What do you require in creating an express entry profile?
For creating your express entry profile, you will need many documents but most important are three documents for the potential express entry applicant.
1. Language Test:
When applying to any country as a foreign applicant, it is essential to be proficient in the language that is widely spoken and written there. Not because it is mandatory but also it will help you in understanding and living there without much difficulty. ‘We Speak your Language’ is an important factor as Canadian government does not require burden on their shoulders and thus, they will give first priority to those who can speak, write and understand English or French.
For this, you require official test scores from an approved language test like IELTS in order to submit your profile. For express entry, attaining CLB 7 is mandatory to become eligible. For other express entry programs, the minimum language score varies.
If you want to prove your proficiency in English, your options are the IELTS General Training Exam or the CELPIP General exam. For French, the language test options are the TEF exam or the TCF exam.
We provide IELTS coaching to our clients, know more here!
2. Educational Credential Assessment (ECA):
You will hear ECA many times in your application procedure because it is one of the most important documents for the foreign national applying for Canada PR. It is an evaluation of non-Canadian education by Canadian standards. Also, education evaluation is only applicable to the Federal Skilled Worker applicants. But it is recommended that all the other categories like Federal Skilled Trade Program and The Canadian Experience Class also complete an ECA as education is an important component of the CRS score.
If you have completed your education from any Canadian University or College, then you do not require ECA for applying for Canadian Permanent Residency.
Passport is your ticket of applying for a visa abroad and without a passport, you will not be able to apply for any program forget submitting express entry profile. Thus, a valid passport is required in order to submit an Express Entry profile.
Apart from other documents and these three documents, you will be able to create your express entry profile.
Are you applying with a spouse or common-law partner? Read here to know more:
If you are applying with your spouse or common-law partner, you may want to know your credentials ahead of time. Out of you two, one must be listed as the principal applicant (also known as the primary applicant- preferably the one who has the higher chances of getting ITA) in the Express Entry profile. Please note that the vast majority of the CRS score will be based on the principal’s applicant’s credentials.
Worrying about who has the higher CRS score and more chances for applying for Canada’s Express Entry? Connect with the Canada Immigration experts to know in a clearer manner.
We have already discussed the express entry profile and key ingredients in it but now it is important to know how the points in the express entry are calculated.
Aren’t you all curious to know how the Express Entry point system works? How are the points calculated?
The Comprehensive Ranking System ranks eligible candidates for immigration to Canada through Express Entry. The candidates are given points in the following categories- Age, Educational qualification, Language ability, Work Experience etc.
The CRS score is used in every Express Entry draw. You will want to know your potential CRS score before applying for the express entry to determine your eligibility. Thus, check your score using the CRS calculator and then contact our immigration experts to know more about your Canada PR chances.
CRS Points explained here:
For the different categories mentioned below, there is a maximum number of points that are awarded by the Canadian Government. The points awarded are for age, level of education, work experience, dependent applicant, language proficiency, job offer and so on.
The below mentioned are the most basic core factors that make up the majority of the ranking process for individual candidates:
The maximum points an individual can get is 100 points (with a spouse or common-law partner) or 110 points (when applying single). In order to get the maximum number of points in each category, you have to be in the age bracket of 20-29 years old. After the age of 45 years, you will get 0 points towards age.
2. Educational Qualification
The education plays a vital role and thus, the maximum that you can be awarded for your education is 150 points, which applies to a university-level credential at the Doctoral level. To know more about the educational points in depth, it is suggested to connect with the visa and immigration experts.
3. Language Proficiency
Time and again, we have mentioned that language proficiency is very crucial for smooth sailing in Canada. The language proficiency test is split into four categories: reading, writing, listening and speaking. The maximum score awarded is 34 (without a spouse) and 32 (with a spouse). When all the categories are added, the maximum comes 128 (with a spouse) and 136 (without a spouse). The points are awarded on the CLB level. The highest score you get with CLB 10.
3.1. Second language proficiency test
Well, if you are able to prove your language efficiency in the second official language i.e. French, you will get additional points that will increase your Canadian permanent residency chances. Though proving your efficiency in the French language is not mandatory but if proven, it can give you maximum 24 points.
4. Canadian Work Experience
The maximum points you can be awarded for Canadian work experience is 70 (with a spouse/common-law partner) and 80 (without a spouse/common-law partner) for five years or more.
Therefore, in core factors, you can get the maximum 500 points (without a spouse) and 460 points with a spouse. If everything goes well and you are able to score the maximum points then from the core factors category only, you can get the invitation to apply with such a high score.
Check out the CRS draw score here!
If you are planning to take your spouse along then the points categories for them differ. It is suggested to know from the Canada PR experts about the best and possible chances of taking or not taking along with you.
How many funds are required for applying for Express Entry?
Funds requirement are crucial to the Canadian government because they want to see whether you will be able to support yourself and your family in the country or not. You must have sufficient funds to feed and take care of the family in both good and bad times.
The Canadian government has divided the fund settlement requirement according to the number of family members accompanying the primary applicant.
What is considered ‘Proof of Funds’?
You must be able to have a required amount of sufficient funds readily available. This means you cannot use the equity on real estate or borrow money from another person. For proofs, you must get official letters from any banks or financial institutions where you’re keeping money. You can also show property papers and other assets.
To know more about the required proof of funds contact the visa and immigration experts today!
How can you get more information on Express Entry Canada?
Our visa and immigration experts have designed a proper Express Entry roadmap which is specifically designed to inform you about the Express Entry process so that you can be enlightened to make the best decisions when it comes to applying for Canadian Permanent Residency.
Contact our experienced Canadian visa and immigration experts who can guide you in every possible manner at every stage of express entry. Our thorough process and end-to-end support ensure you take the right action at every step. We can help you with:
- Qualification/education assessment
- Arranging and compiling documents
- Assisting in creating express entry profile
- IELTS guidance and modal test papers
You can always bank upon us for not only Canada’s Express Entry programs but all the other different categories of visas offered by the Canadian government.
So, what are you waiting for? Time is right now, connect with the visa and immigration experts today!